India’s New National Education Policy 2020 gets Cabinet nod. HRD Ministry back as Education Ministry.

By moGossip Team Jul 30, 2020  


Key Changes 

  • Existing 10+2 system to be replaced with 5+3+3+4 system of school education 
  • Option of choosing a 1 year Diploma, a 3 year bachelor's degree or a 4 year bacherlors' degree with research across disciplines
  • M.Phil would be discontinued, paving the way for students with masters' degrees to get a Ph.D.

Comments on NEP 2020: 

  • New National Education Policy, NEP 2020 launched proposes a significant change in higher education structure of the country.
  • Is said to be progressive shift towards a more scientific approach to education. 
  • The new Pedagogical Structure is explained as in sync with the ability of the child growth–stages of cognitive development as well as social and physical awareness. 
  • The new structure to bring India at par with the leading countries of the world as per the reports
  • NEP 2020 is set to usher major reforms in higher education, increased focus on non-academic skills and increased inclusion through language diversity and course fluidity.
  • Making it more flexible, the NEP 2020 offers the students the option of choosing a 1 year Diploma, a 3 year bachelors degree or a 4 year bacherlors' degree with research across disciplines
  • M.Phil would be discontinued, paving way for students with masters' degree to get a Ph.D.
  • The NEP approved by the Union Cabinet at a meeting presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi replaces the 34-year-old National Policy on Education framed in 1986 and is aimed at paving the way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems to make India a global knowledge superpower.
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education is also planned to be raised to 50 per cent by 2035 when 3.5 crore seats are to be added in this sector.   
  • Panel led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan had submitted the draft of the new NEP to Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ''Nishank'' when he took charge last year.  
  • The draft was then put in the public domain to seek feedback from various stakeholders. 
  • Over two lakh suggestions received by the HRD Ministry about the NEP 2020. 


  • India's new National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, cleared by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday, 29th July 2020 
  • Making the announcement, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said, "Cabinet under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to new education policy for the 21st century. It is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy." 
  • He further added: The Cabinet has also approved a proposal to rename the Ministry of Human Resource Development as Ministry of Education.
  • (The Ministry of Education was renamed as the HRD ministry in 1985 during the tenure of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The next year the National Education Policy (NEP) was introduced. PV Narasimha Rao, also a former premier, was the first HRD minister in the Rajiv Gandhi Cabinet.) 
  • HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ''Nishank'' said the NEP will play an important role in creating ''new India'' and is in line with the prime minister''s vision to make India a global knowledge superpower.
  • "Board exams will be redesigned to encourage holistic development and will also be made easier by testing core capacities and competencies. All students will be allowed to take board exams on up to two occasions during any given school year, one main examination and one for improvement, if desired. All students will take school examinations in classes 3, 5, and 8 which will be conducted by the appropriate authority"


  • Prime Minister Modi said,
  • He also said in the era of knowledge where learning, research and innovation are important, the new policy will transform India into a vibrant knowledge hub.
  • In a series of tweets, he said the NEP is based on the pillars of "access, equity, quality, affordability and accountability".
  • "I wholeheartedly welcome the approval of the National Education Policy 2020. This was a long due and much awaited reform in the education sector, which will transform millions of lives in the times to come ... May education brighten our nation and lead it to prosperity."
  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah said it is truly a remarkable day in the history of the Indian education system.
  • The NEP has laid emphasis on promoting multilingualism so that children know and learn about the rich and vast array of languages of their country.
  • Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare said affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges. Over a period of time, it is envisaged that every college would develop into either an autonomous degree-granting college, or a constituent college of a university, he told the press briefing.
  • "The policy envisages broad based, multi-disciplinary, holistic Under Graduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education and multiple entry and exit points with appropriate certification. Under Graduate education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period," he said.
  • The undergraduate degree will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certifications- a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor''s degree after a 3-year programme.
  • Union minister Smriti Irani said the NEP will lead to a transformative restructuring of education in India that will encompass every stage of learning.The former HRD minister noted that she was part of the extensive exercise in 2015.
  • "#NEP2020 is outcome of the most exhaustive consultations carried out by GOI under PM @narendramodi Ji''s leadership. Honoured to be part of the extensive exercise initiated in 2015 and thankful to 
  • The policy’s focus on Higher Education in the country has a far-reaching impact, and addresses the importance of research and multi-disciplinary approach. Within its ambit, the policy proposes discontinuation of M. Phil and also a 4 year bachelors’ degree with research. @PrakashJavdekar Ji & @DrRPNishank Ji for supplementing the efforts of @HRDMinistry," she said in a tweet.
  • The new policy also envisaged that the Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in Education sector to reach 6 per cent of the GDP at the earliest and universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 per cent Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
  • Fee fixation under a broad regulatory framework is also part of the key reforms.


  • Starting with the bachelors’ degree, the NEP lays out stage wise distribution of the 3 to 4 year bachelor’s degree. A student would now have the option of multiple exit options – study for 1 year, 2 year, 3 year or 4 year. According to the same, the student would be offered a Diploma for 1 year education, Advanced Diploma for 2 year education, Bachelor’s degree for 3 year course and 4 year course.  
  • With a multi-disciplinary approach, most of the bachelor’s degree would aim at becoming a 4-year programme with the fourth year adding to the ‘degree with research’.  ‘The 4-year Bachelor's programme with multi-disciplinary education, however, shall be the preferred option since it allows the opportunity to experience the full range of holistic and multi-disciplinary education with focus on the chosen major and minors as per the choice of the student.’
  • The undergraduate courses would be credit based and an Academic Bank of Credit or ABC would be available to digitally store the credit. Students would have an option to exit at different stages and also re-enter the higher education system, bringing with them the credits earned thus far.
  • For master’s level, HEIs would now have the option of offering a 1 year master’s degree. They can offer a two year program where the second year would be devoted entirely to research for those who have completed an undergraduate degree of three years. For those students who have completed 4 years of bachelors’ programme with research, there would be an option of a one year master’s degree. 5 year integrated bachelors’ and masters’ degree would continue.
  • For doctorate, the students who have completed their master’s would be eligible for pursuing Ph.D. The M. Phil programmer would be discontinued, as proposed by the NEP.

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